Know all about the Structure of the Textile and Garment Industry

Garment Industry

Textile & apparel is a collection of interrelated activities that begins with the production of fibre and end in the delivery of the product to the consumer. The textile and apparel industries are a significant contributor to many national economies. This includes both small-scale and large-scale processes worldwide. Garment production requires labor-intensive processes. This is due to low fixed capital investments, a wide variety of product designs and input materials, variable production volumes, high competitiveness, and high-quality products. The manufacturing process is primarily associated with apparel and household linens but it can also be used in other industries and crafts like upholstery, shoe-making, and sail-making. The fundamental process is sewing. This has ramifications for a wide range of textile arts and crafts such as tapestry and quilting, embroidery, and applique. Additionally, this sector could benefit from relatively advanced technologies even in countries with low investment costs.

The textile industry is a major sector in the world that concerns both production and employment.

The textile and garment industry has a high potential market segment in value-added products. This is where design and research and development (R&D), are key competitive factors. Luxury fashion employs more labor in marketing and design. This is true for market segments like sportswear, where both design, as well as material technology, are crucial. This article will focus on the structure of the textile and apparel industries.

Structure of the Textile and Apparel Industry

Clothing or the garment industry is low-wage, labor-oriented industry. However, it can be a dynamic, innovative sector depending on which market segments they are focusing on. Modern technology is the high-end fashion industry. It employs designers and workers with high salaries and has a lot of flexibility. The apparel industry must deal with a wide range of garment types. These can be divided into two groups: outer and inner garments.

Most of the core operations of these industries are located in developed countries and in specific geographical locations within those nations. Another major market sector is the mass production of standard products such as t-shirts, uniforms, and underwear.

This type of standard product sector is mainly populated by manufacturers from developing countries. The responsibility of retailers has increased in order to organize the supply chain for lower- and medium-priced goods. Multinational retailers have more market power, as the retail market has become more competitive.

The key raw material input for the garment industry is textiles. They also develop vertical supply chains that contain sales and distribution functions. Both the apparel and textile sectors include:

  • Processing raw materials, that’s the preparation and manufacture of textile fibers.
  • Manufacturing of textile yarns, and fabrics.
  • Dyeing of textile materials that provide the visual, physical, and aesthetic properties that consumers want, such as printing, dyeing, and coloring.
  • Textiles can be transformed into fashion- or functional clothes.

Textile Industry:

The primary focus of the textile industry is on the production and distribution of yarn, cloth, and clothing. The textile industry requires more investment than the garment industry and is highly automated. This includes yarn production and fabric manufacturing, dyeing, and finishing. These three functions can be performed in integrated plants. The textile industry has a high level of investment and lead time, which leads to relatively large minimum orders.

Apparel industry:

The garment industry began with the textile industry, which produces wool, wool, fur, and synthetic fiber, and continues to the fashion industry, where it is sold to retailers. The progressive bundle system is still the basis of the apparel industry’s fundamental manufacturing process. Each operator can specialize in one or two operations. First, the fabric is cut into different garment panels. Then it is grouped according to components of the garment and tied into bundles before being sent to an assembly (sewing), a section for making a garment. A bundle of cut panels is given to an operator. The operator then executes the single operation and stores the buffer. Each operation requires a buffer that lasts about one day. A pair of pants takes 40 operations. This is 40 days of inventory.

The supply chain for the apparel industry is as follows:

Level 1: Textiles & finding manufacturers (Mill Level).


Level 2: Garment manufacturers, contractors, retail product development (Garment Manufacturing Level)


Level 3: Manufacturer-owned outlets, retailers, catalog retailers, warehouse


Level 4: Consumers

Although there have been many technological advances over the years in industrial engineering to streamline operations and reduce production times, the fundamental method of operation has not changed. The apparel industry, particularly sewing technology, has been significantly less automated than other manufacturing industries.

New technologies, systems, and innovations in the apparel sector have increased efficiency at every stage of production and improved harmonization among stages. This has created a seamless interface between them. The most significant innovation in apparel manufacturing was the introduction of computers. This included areas such as pattern making, marker-planning, and computerized automated cutting machines.

The machine allows for the cutting of thicker layers of cloth with greater precision. These technological advances are mostly associated with the preassembly stage of production. Here, technology has been more important than at the assembly phase.

At Deasil Custom Sewing Inc. We pride ourselves on one of the most reputed and innovative Canadian garment manufacturers that make high-quality products that are produced in a Canadian factory and we promise to deliver on time.

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